Group: Working Size: Medium Lifespan: 10-14 years Exercise: very high Grooming: Medium Trainability: Very high Watchdog ability: High Protection ability: Medium Area of origin: Borders of Scotland and England Date of Origin: 1800’s Original Function: Sheep herding
The Border Collie is a very intelligent dog of great strength, stamina, and speed. They enjoy a very active family, but need obedience training that is started early in life.
Border Collies are wonderful with children. They love jogging, biking, and playing Frisbee® and fetch. When they are left alone without some job to do or see someone they think is having fun without them, they bark continuously. The Border Collie easily becomes bored and destructive.
When you learn to give your Border Collie activities for his mind and body, both of you will be happier. Plan to get a lot of exercise when you get a Border Collie. A sturdy fence is imperative.
Border Collies are extremely quick, high-energy, busy dogs, and they are bred for endurance, a working Border Collie is able to run many miles a day over difficult terrain, then go out and do it again the next day. A one or two mile run is bearly a warm-up for this athletic breed.
Border Collies thrive on pleasing their owner day in and day out and will not be happy sitting around a house all day. They can live outdoors in temerate to cool climates, but enjoy being with their family inside as well. This is a dog that cannot live in an apartment and that should preferably have ready access to a yard.
Hereditary diseases occur in most, if not all, dog breeds. There are a number of such diseases that occur in border collies but we are fortunate enough to have a variety of DNA tests available and health testing schemes in place that can help breeders, thus making the Border Collie one of the soundest breeds around.
COLLIE EYE ANOMALY (CEA)
CEA is a condition that affects the normal anatomy of the retina and other deeper structures of the eye, this can be irregularity in structure or even holes/pockets. In it’s mildest form it will not affect the dog, in it’s severest it will cause detached retina’s/complete blindness.
CEA is caused by a recessive gene which both parents must carry to produce affected pups. If an animal has two normal copies of the gene, it is classed as ‘normal’ and cannot ever produce affected pups.
If an animal has one normal gene and one defective gene it is classed as a ‘carrier’, mated to another animal with the defective gene it could produce affected pups. If mated to a ‘normal’ animal it will, at worst, produce more carriers but may also produce some ‘normals’. (Note: A carrier DOES NOT have the disease).
CEROID LIPOFUCINOSIS (CL)
CL is a fatal congenital disease which affects the nerve cells of the body, it has been found in a number of dog breeds and is fortunately rare in border collies.
Symptoms do not usually occur until the affected animal reaches around 12-18 months old but the disease progresses rapidly once the initial signs appear and euthanasia is usually the kindest option, there have been no reported cases surviving past 2 1/2 years of age.
Prior to the recent introduction of a DNA test, cases could only be confirmed by a postmortem examination. Thankfully this is no longer the case and DNA testing is available.
As with CEA, the genetic inheritance of CL is via a recessive gene so animals will fall into three categories of genetic status: Clear/Carrier/Affected.
The general appearance should be that of a well proportioned dog, the smooth outline showing quality, gracefulness and perfect balance, combined with sufficient substance to ensure that it is capable of enduring long periods of activity.
The movement is free, smooth and tireless, with minimum lift of the feet.
Double coated, with a moderately long, dense, medium textured topcoat while the undercoat is short, soft and dense making a weather resisting protection with an abundant coat to form a mane.
A variety of colours including black, red, chocolate, merle and white but the white should never predominate.